Since our new vineyard has no fence around it this means we need to find ways of keeping deer out. Throughout the summer we found that deer were nibbling on our vines and since winters are generally harsh around here we expect the deer to be especially interested in our vines. So one of the things we are trying this Fall is to come up with ways to keep the deer away from our vines. The first thing we did was to string fish line around the whole of the vineyard. Starting at the top of the post and going down a foot between each line making for 5 lines of string top to bottom. This was done for the whole of the vineyard. The idea being that the fish line being transparent would set up an invisible boundary that would scare the deer when they tried to enter. The other thing we did was to cut strips of ribbon at length of about 1 to 2 feet and attached them to the wood posts through out the vineyard. The idea with this would be that the flapping of these ribbon would scare the deer away. Both methods were recommended by people who had success with each for their large gardens. See pics below.